August 2010
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Referencing made easy

At Drop-ins learning skills advisers are getting some students who are very anxious to do their referencing correctly. Here is a four step process to assist you.

1. What referencing system is recommended in your unit (look at your unit guide – or check the side bar “Recommended at Monash University” on the Library’s citing and referencing on-line tutorial

2. Be sure in your mind what sort of item you are referencing (is it a whole book, an article, a chapter in an edited book, an e-book, a webpage, an article in pdf format from a university database, etc.)

3. Look up the recommended referencing style (see 1. above) in the Library’s citing and referencing on-line tutorial and look through the examples in that style for the kind of item you are dealing with (see 2. above).

4. Copy the way the item is done in the Library’s on-line citing and referencing tutorial substituting information about the item you are referencing.

By the way we can take you through this process in a Learning Skills Drop-In session at your branch library. Ask at the information desk for times.

9 comments to Referencing made easy

  • Juna

    I understand from the library website that EndNotes X3 is not compatible with Office 2010. The campus computer I am currently using is going to be upgraded to Office 2010 soon. my personal notebook is also using Office 2010.

    May I please check when will Monash be getting the license for EndNotes X4? Need that urgently.

    Thank you

  • Ed Irons

    I asked in the Library about the update to Endnote X4 and am told that students will be able to download EndNote X4 from this page within a week.

  • David Brodrick (Library IT Manager)


    Endnote x4 has just been endorsed for use by the endnote working party and, Ed is quite right, endnote x4 will be made available very soon for download, or alternatively you should be able to obtain a copy from your faculty.

  • Lii

    How to cite equations and diagrams using APA style? (Im pursuing a business degree)
    Can provide us with an vivid example?

  • Lii

    How do we cite an equation and also a diagram?
    There is no example on this topic in the Q-manual.

    Need to know this to do business assignment. TQ!

  • Ed Irons

    I have looked at the APA manual, as well as consulting with the man who wrote the section of the Q manual on referencing and a colleague who specialises in both Pyschology and BusEco – and there is no clear instruction in the literature for these items. This is one of those times when we look at what has been written and make a common sense judgement. Here is my view. You have got the equation and the diagram from a source you read – so treat it referencing a quote. After the equation (Smith, 2005, p. 18) with the whole article referenced in the reference list. With the diagram, after the title of the diagram put the bracket (Lee, 2010, p. 34) with the whole article referenced in the reference list. You know you can also ask questions via Ask.Monash.

  • Trang

    I have 2 questions which I have not been able to find answers for.
    1. Nowadays papers are published online first and then some time later in print. How should they be referenced? At the time of writing the first draft of my thesis these papers were referenced as online. I am now updating my lit review and just wondering if I have to revise the references to reflect the fact that they are now in print.
    2. How should responses to editorial be referenced?

  • Trang

    How should papers published online be referenced? When these papers are eventually published in print do I have to revise their references?

  • Ed Irons

    The advice I have seen about these matters is that if the on-line version is a pdf it means it has been taken from a published print version, so do the published print version reference. But this may not be the issue you have. Common sense needs to be applied. You want your reader to easily access the material you have used – if your source was originally on-line and you have given the pathway effectively in the recommended style, then you have done your job. On your second question: I am not sure what you mean by “response to an editorial”. Editorials can be referenced as a newspaper item or a journal item depending on where you find them. They will either have an person as author or an institutional author (e.g. the newspaper). Check your referencing guide for the exact format. Possibly it would be best for you to discuss this with a learning skills adviser at drop-in in the Library at your campus. In fact referencing questions often come up at drop-ins and you get a quick answer or reference to a source to check.